The basis for the emergence of legal protection of trademarks is registration at the patent offices and obtaining a certificate. Up to that point, a company can also use the designation, but the same right arises for other entities as well. International trademark protection is provided by WIPO and national patent offices.
The basic act that regulates the protection of commercial property at the international level is the Paris Convention. Also many states approved and ratified the Madrid Agreement, which allows you to register trademark rights and obtain legal protection for several countries. Let us highlight the key rules for registration and protection of marks at the international level:
In order to establish legal protection, the registration of designations is carried out in the following directions:
The procedure of paperwork and examination is practically the same for national and international registration variants. If an application is filed under the Madrid system, no additional application to the patent office of each country is required after the issuance of the certificate. The legal protection regime arises automatically in all states.
To protect a registered designation, the right holder may use the following measures, including at the international level:
At coordination of actions at the international level, the work of customs services suppressing deliveries of counterfeit goods across the border is important. For efficiency of joint efforts on protection of intellectual property, the states can conclude bilateral agreements in order to reveal facts of infringement in a simplified order.